In contrast to the populist view that medicine is objective and rational, the contributors here demonstrate that medicine has been complicit with the construction of gender difference, and in that construction the relationship with pornography is not incidental but fundamental. Pornography matters politically and ethically. Selected pages. In contrast, this book re-opens the feminist debate about pornography for a new generation of critical thinkers in the 21st century. This book provides a critical counterpoint to this current academic trend, and demonstrates its lack of engagement with the politics of the multi-billion dollar pornography industry which creates the desire for the product it sells, the individualism of its arguments which analyse pornography as personal fantasy, and the paucity of theoretical analysis. It addresses the complex relationship between pornography and medicine in particular, sexology and psycho-therapy whereby medicine has historically, and currently, afforded pornography considerable legitimacy and even authority. In its broad approach, the book also engages with the ideas of Michel Foucault, particularly his refutation of the liberal hypothesis that sexuality is a deep biological and psychological human property which is repressed by traditional, patriarchal discourses and which can be freed from authoritarianism, for example by producing and consuming pornography.